Glass

The art of glass blowing is over 1,000 years old.  Learn how to blow glass through the resources available on this page.  This page offers free resources for glass blowers, glass blowing classes, videos and products to help you get started. Also included are resources for those interested in stained glass and how to create stained glass designs.

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Develop new concepts indesign and their implementation in different glass techniques.
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  • About Studio GlasshopperSpecialist in intricate and modern design in stained glass techniques likePraire School of Frank Lloyd Wright, Art Noveau, Deco and abstractdesign. Since 2009 Studio GlassHopper has also started offering hot glasscreations in the form of glass blowing, kiln casting and pate de verre.The studio also creates interesting sculptures in ceramics.The studio is constantly innovating and seeking to develop new concepts indesign and their implementation in different glass techniques. And soon,you will see interesting results from our experiments with hot and warmglass for installations and architectural use. Of course, the hallmark of allour projects is design and craftmanship of impeccable quality.
  • 2. LEADED STAINED GLASS PANELS
  • 3. TIFFANY AND GLASS LIGHTING
  • 4. GLASS BLOWING & CASTING
  • 5. CERAMICS

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  • GLASS BLOWING Beginning glass by Deann Lineback
  • 2. GLASS BLOWING I chose glass blowing because it is a course I am currently enrolled in at CSU Chico. This is the first time I have ever worked with molten glass. I am in the process of learning the terms and skills it takes to make a simple glass cup. Glass blowing is an active, hands-on art that requires craftsmanship, dexterity and agility. I have begun to truly appreciate glass blowing as an art since taking this course.
  • 3. FIRST THING FIRST Knowing terminology of glass blowing Blower The glass worker that blows the air through the blowpipe (within the mold or freehanded). Thats me!
  • 4. TOOLS TO USE Bench - The bench is the center of the hot Shoppe. It is where the artist works a piece and is the where all the tools are kept. The bench has two rails spaced on either side going perpendicular to the seat; these rails are used to roll the glass pipes on. Bench Jack - Large tongs that are used in order to create score lines in the neck of a piece. Pincers Making a Jack line is often the line. Pincers Glassmakers tool for picking up, transferring and applying water to the Punty to remove the glass piece from the pipe of blowpipe.
  • 5. TOOLS CONTINUED Block The forming tool used for the shaping of the molten glass. The Block is usually made of cherry wood and is wet while used with the hot glass. BLOW MOULD Blow Mould An open ended cylindrical designed to create effects or grooves in the molten glass by blowing into the blowpipe while in the mould vertically.
  • 6. TOOLS CONTINUED. Punty - A solid steel rod that is Pipe Warmer- a used for small gas oven gathering hot that is used to glass that is preheat the steel placed on the pipes; many glory receiving pipe for holes have pipe transferring the warmers built into glass work that is the side. BLOWPIPE currently connected to the blowpipe. Also the technique used to change the end of the Blowpipe A steel pipe with an air passage glass that is being way throughout its entire length. One end has worked on. the mouthpiece and the other has the larger built up area for the molten glass to gather and blow the bubble on.
  • 7. MORE TOOLS CONTINUED.. Pot A holding area Glory Hole The opening of the furnace used for molten glass where to keep the glass hot and workable. Several the glass is different sizes may be attached to a large furnace continually kept at a The cylinder is usually heated up to 2300 degrees. designated heat for gathering. Yoke - A stand in front of the glory hole that is used as a support for the blowpipes. Using ball bearings it allows the artist to turn the pipe easily with little effort giving them a chance to regain TOO HOT FOR COMFORT strength.
  • 8. SO MUCH TO KNOW!.... Parison The first small bubble at the end of a blowpipe. Gather - Placing molten glass on the end of the blowpipe or pipe for the further development of that glass project. Gathering - obtaining a layer of clear glass over a subsequent layer of glass. Tiny air Bubble MY FIRST GATHER
  • 9. AFTER SECOND GATHERING, SHAPING OCCURS This can be done with the wooden block shaper.. ~OR~ By rolling the molten glass on the marver. Marver A flat steel plate thats used for the picking up color chips or the shaping of molten glass on the end of a blowpipe or pipe with a rolling action. A Marver can also help in the uneven cooling of the glass for a desired effect.
  • 10. NOW THAT THERE IS GLASS OFF THE TIP OF THE BLOW PIPE BEGIN TO BLOW! end of blow pipe Reheat - to heat the glass back to a molten state; usually done in the glory hole.
  • 11. IM GOING TO USE THE BLOW MOULD Stand on tippy toes and blow Then flash! HARD! Then blow out air bubble Flash - A quick reheat in the glory hole in order to keep a part of the glass from getting too cold.
  • 12. READY FOR JACK LINE The crease line that will be used to separate the glass work from the blowpipe is made by the Jacks Neck - The edge of the piece that will be scored and separated when transferring the working piece onto the punty.
  • 13. TIME FOR PUNTYAND TRANSFER Wetting Off The separation line for the glass work from the blowpipe using cold water to fracture wetting control the break Punty onto bottom of glass piece usually done by dipping the pincers in water and droplets touch the neck of the piece. These are not mine, I lost my piece Then flash. when I tapped it off the blow pipe . next: open the top with (thats the breaks ha ha) the Jacks. Flash. Continue to shape top. Flash. Shape. Flash. Shape. Flash.
  • 14. TIME TO ANNEAL When youre satisfied with shape then place in the annealing oven by wetting off your piece. Annealing Oven The process of gradual cooling of the outside and the inside of the molten glass to assure that the glass wont cool to fast causing cracks or breaks; known as. Thermal Shock The cause by a sudden shift of temperature hot or cold causing the glass to break, crack or shatter.

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basics of creating a stained glass piece of art that youwill treasure for years to come.
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Transcript
  • 1. Stained Glass from start to finishByJay Reavis, owner/artistStained Glass Basement
  • 2. The first step to creating stained glass is to find an object and thencreate a pattern. For this demonstration I have selected the first letterof my last name.
  • 3. Once I have the decided on the pattern, I create another copy with tracingpaper. This is used to create a duplicate on paper I will use to cut apart andplace on the glass to be cut.
  • 4. Here I place the tracing paper on the glass to verify there is enough glass tocut out. As you can see, I have another pattern on the paper and some of thepieces cut out and glued to the glass.
  • 5. Here is where you number the pieces of the pattern and select the directionof the grain. (Yes it makes a difference!)
  • 6. In this slide you can see the pieces are cut and I used rubber cement to gluethem to the glass. As on the previous slide, I place the pieces according to thegrain of the glass to match the arrows.
  • 7. Desktop view of works in progress.(Pictured are: clockwise, blue painter tape, flux brush, various pieces of lead camefor other project, pattern pieces on glass, more flux and last solder.)
  • 8. The next series of slides I will demonstrate how to cut curves. On insidecurves, you will make several smaller cuts to slowly ease into the curve. Theblack lines are drawn for reference and I will cut and break each piece.
  • 9. Now each piece has been cut and the edges have been ground smooth toprevent sharp edges. Ill post another set of power points later on the actualcutting and grinding.
  • 10. With all pieces ground, the next step is to apply the foil. Stained glassfoil comes in various widths and backing. The different backings arecopper (standard), silver (for clear glass), and black (why not?). As thefoil is applied you will burnish it (smoothing and adding adherence tothe foil back.
  • 11. Next, the edges are tinned, meaning a very light coating of solder.
  • 12. Next, line the pieces according to the pattern and tack the seams only.
  • 13. After the pieces are tacked and you are satisfied with the alignment, a lightbead of solder is applied to the seam.
  • 14. With the positive space created, now its time for the negative space. Usingthe pattern, lines need to be drawn to extend out to the edges so it can besoldered to the framework. (again another pattern of my favorite state!)
  • 15. I place the clear glass on top of the first part to trace around for my cut lines.
  • 16. Again, the glass is cut and the edges ground smooth, foil is edged and burnished. Ithen place the pieces to match. The pieces are tinned as before, tacked in place then athin bead is set on the seams. Once all this is complete and you are satisfied, you canfinish solder the seams.
  • 17. As a last step, you may add any kind of frame you wish. This may be anythingfrom wood to lead came to anything you want. For this project I used a zinc H-channel came. This allows the piece to be re-enforced and add some color.
  • 18. Now you have seen the basics of creating a stained glass piece of art that youwill treasure for years to come. Thanks for watching and stay tuned foradditional presentations.Jay ReavisStained Glass Basement.

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This video is the full version of my stained glass lessons tutorial.
This video is for anyone that prefers the full 26 minute presentation rather than my segmented lessons that are also presented here.
As a stained glass artist of over 15 years, I have developed my own techniques.
I have tried many ways of cutting glass and find the method I am presenting here with gluing the pattern pieces to the glass first have proven to make my stained glass projects have more accurate results. This is just one way of doing things.
There are also many brands of tools and ways to cut and do glasswork.
I hope you will enjoy my tutorial. I am not a professional public speaker, but did my best to present the information to you.

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  • Arts & Crafts: Beading, Glass & Jewelry
  • Hobbies & Games: Glassware

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