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Calligraphy

Calligraphy is the art of creating letters with a broad tipped brush or other instrument.  On this page you will find resources to help you learn or master the craft of calligraphy.  Believe it or not, calligraphers are still in demand today.  
Find classes, lessons, videos, slide shows, and other tutorials to help you learn the craft of calligraphy.

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  • Modern Chinese Calligraphy Kim Munson, Asian Art History, SFSU text 2008. All Rights Reserved. Artwork shown for academic purposes only, all rights belong to their respective holders.
  • 2. Calligraphy Concepts
    • Chinas written language dates from as early as the 13 th century BCE (Shang Dynasy), and could be even older.
    • Calligraphy is a revered art form, learned by copying
    • the masters. Emphasis is on purity of form while using
    • traditional motifs and techniques.
    • Closely tied to Classical poetry.
    • Because of the size of the country and the diversity languages spoken, political influence was passed on by writing, not speaking.
  • 3. Examples of 7 major styles Of Calligraphy. Most styles of calligraphy are adapted from previous styles. This chart shows a progression from contemporary styles to the oldest in order from left to right. Chart by Huang Mizozi
  • 4. Traditional tools and instructions. The 4 treasures of the scholars studio: Paper, brush, ink block & inkstone.
  • 5. Traditional methods: From a calligraphy manual written and illustrated by Gu Gan in 1992.
  • 6. Mao Zedong (1893-1976) Artist unknown
  • 7. Early calligraphy and Poetry by Mao, 1934. Huichang A new dawn breaks in the East. Do not say You start too early; crossing these blue hills adds nothing to ones years, the landscape here is beyond compare. Straight from the walls of Huichangs lofty peaks, range after range, extend to the eastern seas. Our soldiers point south to Guangdong, looming lusher and greener in the distance.
  • 8. Calligraphy and Poem by Mao, 1956 Swimming Now I am swimming across the great Yangzi river Better by far than idly strolling in a courtyard. Today I am at ease.
  • 9. Stung by widespread criticism during an attempted period of openness in the mid-50s and pressures within his party, Mao unleashed the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966. It was an attempt to smash the 4 olds: old thought, old culture, old customs, and old practice. He also did this to rid the political hierarchy of anyone opposed to him.
  • 10. After Mao: President Deng Xiaoping (1904 1997) attempts a cultural recovery.
    • Professor Zhang Ding, president of the Central
    • Academy of Design (pictured here with Picasso
    • In 1956) sees a chance for calligraphy to make
    • A comeback. The situation was complicated:
    • Young people dont have technique or knowledge of
    • classics. Scripts simplified.
    • Lots of work for artists: teaching, repairing damaged
    • works, publishing & selling to tourists.
    • Japanese Calligraphys influence: Major shows in 1958,
    • 1962 & 1978. Some Chinese calligraphers felt that the
    • Japanese had transformed the art and liked the
    • emphasis on visual aesthetics, but many others felt it
    • was surface and preferred to draw on what they saw
    • as uniquely Chinese calligraphic elements.
  • 11. 4 Current Movements Classical Traditional brushwork and papers. Classical poetry is usually the subject. Neo-Classical Based on traditional style with more self-expressive Modernist touches. Classical poetry or contemporary subjects. Wang Shixiang Han Yu
  • 12.
    • 4 Current Movements
    • Modernist
    • Artists trained in traditional methods, inspired by
    • modern Western painting that was finally seen in China
    • in the late 70s after the death of Mao in 1976.
    • Avant-Garde
    • Artists trained in traditional methods, inspired by
    • contemporary Western painting that started to be seen
    • in China in the mid-80s.
    • Interested in Post-Modern Theory.
    • Some apply traditional techniques to new formats
    • (installations, photography, oil on canvas).
    Gu Gan Wei Ligang
  • 13. Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) Convergence, 1952 Oil on canvas, 93 1/2 x 155" Pablo Picasso (18811973) Pigeon-Pois, 1912 Oil on canvas The Modernists were influenced by Western art, especially by works of the New York School of Abstract Expressionists of the 1950s (these tours were usually sponsored by the US State Department). European modern masters like Picasso, Miro and Kandinsky were also of great interest.
  • 14. Gu Gan (b. 1942- ) The Mountains are Breaking Up 1985 Ink on Paper He wrote his most influential book, The Three Steps of Modern Calligraphy while in Germany at the Hamburg Institute of Fine Arts, in which he stated that the ultimate goal of Modernist calligraphy is to provide aesthetic pleasure linked to an idea, rather than following the path of traditional calligraphy, where the focus is often on long passages of text .
  • 15. Abstracting natural forms: From a calligraphy manual written and illustrated by Gu Gan in 1992.
  • 16. Abstracting natural forms, using Western examples: From a calligraphy manual written and illustrated by Gu Gan in 1992.
  • 17. Gu Gan. The Age of Red and Gold 2000. Gu Gan was the first artist To use colored ink in calligraphy.
  • 18. Robert Rauschenberg (b. 1925- ) Pilgrim, 1960
    • The Avant-Garde calligraphers were
    • inspired by contemporary art and
    • theory, especially by a show in Beijing in the
    • 1980s featuring Robert Rauschenberg.
    • Generally reject recognizable characters
    • Calligraphy both a source of beauty and
    • a reminder of the dark sides of Chinese
    • culture, particularly the pressure to
    • conform.
    • Calligraphic techniques used in many
    • mediums and formats.
    • Described as Visual Music. Much debate
    • about whether the works are should be
    • thought of as calligraphy or painting.
  • 19. Studio of the Chengdu Calligraphy Group , preparing for show, 2004 The artists are: Jiazheng (the Master), Pu Lieping (the established artist), and Ma Kun (the apprentice). Detail The Peach Blossoms are Like Charming Faces.
  • 20. Pu Lieping (1959- ) Mossy Lands, 2004 Chinese Xun Paper, Chinese Black Ink, Synthesized materials. 500 cm x 190 cm
  • 21. Jiazheng, Pu Lieping, Ma Kun Copying Inscription on Turtle Shells, 2004 Chinese Xun Paper, Chinese Black Ink, Synthesized materials. 500 cm x 190 cm
  • 22. Zhang Qiang (1962- ) - Tracelogy Building on the idea that the earliest pictograms were said to have been inspired by the footprints or traces of birds And animals, Qiang eventually came to the concept that all art is a trace of the culture that creates it. Seeking a new way to revitalize calligraphy, he traces characters while looking away, as a female assistant moves the paper . She also tells him when to start and stop.

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  • Origins in Ancient Egypt (that got pictographs from Ancient Sumer) Hieroglyphics (picture writing) carved into clay tablets, sculptures, and walls. Calligraphy means beautiful writing. This is the Book of the Dead, which was a religious book meant to help guide people in passing into the Afterlife. Origins of Calligraphy
  • 2. CHINESE CALLIGRAPHYCalligraphy has traditionally beenconsidered the highest art form.Origins back to 3000 BCE or earlierCalligraphers have different styles andspend years perfecting the techniques.Japanese calligraphy developed fromChinese calligraphy, and continues today.Calligraphers have different styles,ranging from very simply to highly artistic.
  • 3. Knight Shining White, Tang Dynasty, (750 CE)Scroll paintings were unrolled and read. Poems weresometimes included, and viewers wrote comments too. The Quingbian Mountains, Dong QiChang, painter, calligrapher, art scholar of Ming Dynasty (1612 CE)
  • 4. Arabic Calligraphy In many Islamic cultures, calligraphy is the highest art form. It is used as surface decoration for both religious buildings and everyday art. Below is the logo of todays Al Jazeera TV.15th Century quRanic Manuscript
  • 5. Detail of dome ofMosque of Kalon in Uzbekistan
  • 6. Medieval European Manuscripts Few people could read and write in Medieval Europe. The church trained monks in Latin reading and writing. Artistic monks carefully created copies of the Bible with lavishly illuminated capitals. This page is from the Lindsfarne Gospels, from late 7th century CE. It was written and illustrated by the monk Eadfrithe, who later became Bishop of Lindisfarne in 698.
  • 7. Guess the invention. Johanes Gutenberg invented this during the early Renaissance. It made it easier to make Bibles and other books in Europe. ?
  • 8. Contemporary artist Malikanas design from Islamic Art Magazine. He uses digital art and ancient calligraphic styles to create lush images.http://malikanas.deviantart.com/
  • 9. Calligraphy Today are Lots of fonts available for Computers Today that mimic Traditional Calligraphy Where else do you commonly see hand or computer calligraphy? How is calligraphy used as art today? Magnum Mysterium #3, Inga Dubay Inga Dubay, Calligrapher & Artist

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Have you ever wanted to get good at calligraphy. Well look no further than this guide on How To Start Writing Calligraphy. Follow Videojug's professionals as they guide you through this informative video.
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With a bit of practice, you can use your own handwriting with brush tip markers! So here are some tips and a few of my favorite brush markers.
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Competencies

  • Arts & Crafts: Calligraphy & Lettering
  • Dance, Drama & Music: Song Writing

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