Basketry

Basket weavingbasketry, or basket making is the process of weaving plant materials...straw, grass, reeds, or other into a basket.
People and artists who weave baskets are called basket makers and basket weavers.
This page links to a number of resources, classes and products for those who wish to master the art of basket weaving.  

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Stories in Space: Design Strategies for Museum Interpretive Materials
Effective organization and thoughtful design of text and other didactic materials can help keep visitors from feeling overwhelmedor under informedas they try to digest complex layers of information in the museum environment. Join our panelists as they present an overview of the challenges of three varied projects and share concrete examples of tactics used to shape content into engaging, accessible displays and effectively communicate stories in three-dimensional space. This presentation was given by Ann Marshall.

Moderator: Kitty Connolly, Botanical Interpretation Manager, Huntington Botanical Gardens, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Presenters: Ann Marshall, Principal, Annex Design Services
Alice Parman, Independent Interpretive Planner
lan Ransenberg, Exhibition Designer, The Alchemy of Design
Nicole Trudeau, Owner, Squid Ink Design

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  • Archaeology of Southeast AlaskaBASKETRY OF THE NORTHWEST COAST
  • 2. COLLECTING SPRUCE ROOT Must go out during the spring or early summer The best spots were near sandy shores A digging stick was used to help get the roots
  • 3. PREPARING FOR STORAGE Spruce roots would be held over the coals of a fire until the bark starts to peel The roots would then be pulled through an ena, a split stick or board stuck into the ground, to remove outer bark They would then be split once and then coiled
  • 4. PREPARING FOR WEAVING Before weaving, the roots from storage would be split additional times The split roots would be divided into warps and wefts
  • 5. WEAVING WITH SPRUCE ROOT With the weft, the weaver would begin twining around the warps Different twining techniques were used for the different types of baskets
  • 6. DECORATIVE ELEMENTS Skip Stitch (Alaska State Museum 2001-7-1) False Embroidery (Alaska State Museum II-B-1696) Painting Isabel & Charles Edenshaw (Alaska State Museum II-B- 811)
  • 7. TLINGIT & HAIDA BASKETRY DIFFERENCES (Alaska State Museum II-B-1696)
  • 8. BASKETS IN EVERYDAY LIFEBaskets were used for: Storage Food gathering Serving food Cooking Ceremonies Cradles (Alaska State Museum II-B-480) A hole was dug in the ground, and in this the cooking basket was placed... After the pot had been thus secured against accident, the food and water were placed in it, and with a pair of wooden tongs the stones which had been heated were dropped into the (Alaska State Museum II-B-311) cooking. (Shotridge 170)
  • 9. BASKETS NOT IN USE Baskets that were not being used were dampened and folded away and stored. (Alaska State Museum II-B-420) (Alaska State Museum II-B-1324)
  • 10. THORNE RIVER BASKET Oldest basket found on the Northwest Coast Dates to be approximately 5,400 years old Found in 1994 by archaeologist David Putman
  • 11. Reconstructiondrawing of theThorne RiverBasket byMargaret Davidson
  • 12. Interpretation ofthe Thorne RiverBasket made byDelores Churchill
  • 13. (Alaska State Museum 2004-17-1)
  • 14. BARANOFF ISLAND BASKET
  • 15. BASKETRY ORIGIN LEGENDSTlingit Legend: Haida Legend: There was once a girl with so much In early spring when everyone was beauty that everyone desired her, hungry and there was little food, a even Sun. So Sun took her as his little girl took some food when she wife and they lived in the Sky-Land was not supposed to. Her mother for many years and had many caught her and scratched her face, children. But the children were of so the girl and her older sister ran Earth, and the mother worried for away. They came to a place to rest, them. One day in the field while she and there met a young man. They was worrying, she idly and told him what had happened. He told unknowingly wove a basket. Her the older girl to weave a small basket husband knew she was worried, so around her thumb and to fill it with the he took the basket and made it food growing in that area. They did large enough to hold his wife and so, and as they filled the basket, it children. In this basket, they were kept growing larger and heavier with lowered back to Earth (to the all of the food. They went back to Yakutat area). This is where the first their village to get help to bring back basket came from. their basket full of food. Everyone feasted and celebrated.
  • 16. KKW TLA MOTHER BASKET The Mother Basket is an at.owu of the Whale House of the Gaanaxteid clan of Klukwan, Alaska. Honors the story of the Mountain Dweller
  • 17. CHANGE IN BASKETRY Around the mid- 1800s, basketry was no longer needed for utilitarian purposes Basketry became popular among tourists and collectors The women no longer made baskets for use, but to sell
  • 18. BASKETRY TODAY The high demand for basketry died out during the Great Depression The knowledge of basketry almost died out as the elders started dying out Basketry was revitalized by Selina Peratrovich and her daughter Delores Churchill Today, basketry is an art (Alaska State Museum 90-5-1)

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  • History Of Philippine Weaving
  • 2. Pre-Colonial Era
  • 3. An Ancient Artform
    • Would weave fibers such as abaca, pineapple, ramie, maguey, cotton and bark cloth
    • We know this because of the accounts of early explorers
  • 4. Textile Weaving The Ifugao and Aeta groups used bark cloth
  • 5. Textile Weaving
    • The Pinilian Blanket of Ilocos
  • 6. Textile Weaving
    • Ifugao Ikat , with crocodile motif
  • 7. Textile Weaving
    • Virtually all attire was hand woven. Examples include the G-string, Maranao Malong , Bontoc Tapis, Ilong patadyong, Tboli Tnalak, etc.
    Malong Tapis
  • 8. Hat Weaving
    • Examples include the Tausug hat, Maguindanao hat, and the Yakan hat of Basilan
    Yakan hat of Basilan
  • 9. Basketry
    • 3 kinds of baskets: carrying, storage, and trapping baskets
  • 10. Basketry
    • Storage Basket
    • Cordillera pasiking ,
    • used for carrying
    • grain
  • 11. Basketry
    • Storage Basket
    • Bontoc akob , used
    • As a lunch basket
  • 12. Basketry
    • Trapping Basket
    • Salakab, used for trapping fish in rice paddies
  • 13. Basketry
    • Basketry exemplifies the creative use of materials for the environment and implies extensive knowledge of different materials and their natural properties. Methods include: bamboo method, large leaves method.
    • Basketry has a communal meaning and function: mediate between humans and nature.
  • 14. Mat Weaving
    • All regions of the Philippines have a tradition of mat weaving, since mats are used all over the country as bedding material. It is primarily seen as a womans work.
    • Most mats are made out of leaves of pandan or the buri palm. They are often decorated with strips of one or two colors, creating simple linear patterns.
    • The process is as follows: one gathers the raw materials from plants, then strips, boils, dyes and weaves it.
    • The quality of a mat is judged from the softness of its material, the fineness of its weave, and the beauty of its design patterns.
    • Used for barter as well as bedding.
  • 15. Mat Weaving Laminusa Mats of the Samal women Basey mats of Leyte
  • 16. Spanish Colonization
  • 17. Spanish Colonization
    • The local fabric that caught the attention of the Spaniards was the nipis, which is woven from stalks of the abaca plant. They were colorfully dyed, striped or embroidered in white, and made into different items of clothing for both men and women, including the Barong Tagalog. It was introduced into the international market in the late 19 th century. The different techniques of making/embroidering the nipis were passed down from generation to generation.
  • 18. Spanish Colonization Nipis Fabric
  • 19. Spanish Colonization
    • The religious practices the Spaniards introduced to the Filipinos also gave rise to new weaving practices: palaspas long stalks of coconut or buri palm with their fronds plaited into decorative patterns and embellished with crepe-paper flowers.
  • 20. Spanish Colonization Palapas
  • 21. Spanish Colonization
    • Mats were made to order, usually given as gifts for special occasions. They often bore the letters recuerdo mr. and mr.s.
  • 22. American Colonization
    • Most of the artistic focus during this time was on avant-garde art, especially in the fields of painting and sculpture.

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Learn how to locate, harvest, propagate, and weave willow, an incredibly pliable and resilient material.
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In the basketry class students learn how to locate, harvest, propagate, and weave willow, an incredibly pliable and resilient material. This class focuses on waling, or three-strand twining, an ancient technique of weaving that creates a beautiful pattern and a very durable basket. We will also focus on two-strand twining, perhaps one of the earliest ways of turning a collection of twigs into a solid, multi-use vessel.

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Competencies

  • Arts & Crafts: Basketry & Weaving

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